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Esteri?cation of acidi?ed oil with methanol by SPES/PES catalytic membrane
作者:Wenying Shi a , Benqiao He a , Jianxin Li a,b,?
关键字:Sulfonated polyethersulfone (SPES) Biodiesel Catalytic membrane Esteri?cation Kinetic model
论文来源:期刊
具体来源:Bioresource Technology 102 (2011) 5389–5393
发表时间:2011年
A sulfonated polyethersulfone (SPES)/polyethersulfone (PES) blend catalytic membrane was prepared and used as a heterogeneous catalyst in the esteri?cation of the acidi?ed oil (acid value 153 mgKOH/g) with methanol for producing biodiesel. The results showed that the free fatty acids conversion reached 97.6% using SPES/PES catalytic membrane under the optimal esteri?cation conditions. Mean-while, the SPES/PES membrane with 20.3% degree of sulfonation showed a good catalytic stability. A pseudo-homogeneous kinetic model was established. The results indicated that the reaction rate con- stant increased with increasing methanol/acidi?ed oil molar ratio, the loading of catalytic membrane and reaction temperature. The reaction order was 2 and the activation energy decreased from 74.65 to 21.07 kJ/mol with increasing catalytic membrane loading from 0 to 0.135 meq/g(oil). It implies that the esteri?cation is not diffusively controlled but kinetically controlled. The predicted results were in good agreement with the experimental data.