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Gelation, Liquid Crystalline Behavior, and Ionic Conductivity of Nanocomposite Ionogel Electrolytes Based On Attapulgite Nanorods
writer:Jianxin Zhang, Jiahang Liu, Zihao Wang, Shuai Hao, and Hongzan Song*
keywords:Liquid Crystalline;Ionogel
specific source:Langmuir
Issue time:2020年
Anisotropic nanoparticles and their dispersions have attracted much attention because of their distinguished characteristics and promising applications. In this study, the novel liquid crystalline nanocomposite ionogel electrolyte materials based on anisotropic nanoparticles of attapulgite (ATP) have been prepared. The gelation, liquid crystalline (LC) behavior, thermal stability, and ionic conductivity were systematically investigated. Rheological, polarized optical microscopy (POM), and small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) measurements demonstrated that these liquid crystalline ionogels showed a two-step mechanism consisting of gelation and subsequent reorganization of the gel. Interestingly, the obtained ionogel electrolytes were very stable and LC gel structures were not destroyed even though the temperature was as high as 200 °C. Furthermore, these ionogels possessed outstanding thermal stability and the decomposition temperature exceeded 400 °C. Remarkably, the LC nanocomposite ionogel electrolytes exhibited high room temperature ionic conductivity and the value still exceeded 1.0 × 10–3 S/cm even when the ATP concentration up to 30 wt %. These novel findings are very useful for the fabrication of high temperature resistant electrochemical devices and liquid crystalline nanocomposite materials.