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Exploring Interfacial Hydrolysis of Artificial Neutral Lipid Monolayer and Bilayer Catalyzed by Phospholipase C
writer:Rongrong Du, Xu Li, Yong-Hao Ma, Yongshen Luo, Chu Wang, Qian Ma, Xiaolin Lu*
keywords:SFG, PLC, Lipids, Interface, Catalysis
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Issue time:2022年

Phospholipase C (PLC) represents an important type of enzymes with the feature of hydrolyzing phospholipids at the position of the glycerophosphate bond, among which PLC extracted from Bacillus cereus (BC-PLC) has been extensively studied owing to its similarity to hitherto poorly characterized mammalian analogues. This study focuses on investigating the interfacial hydrolysis mechanism of phosphatidylcholine (PC) monolayer and bilayer membranes catalyzed by BC-PLC using sum frequency generation vibrational spectroscopy (SFG-VS) and laser scanning confocal microscopy (LSCM). We found that, upon interfacial hydrolysis, BC-PLC was adsorbed onto the lipid interface and catalyzed the lipolysis with no net orientation, as evidenced by the silent amide I band, indicating that ordered PLC alignment was not a prerequisite for the enzyme activity, which is very different from what we have reported for phospholipase A1 (PLA1) and phospholipase A2 (PLA2) [Kai, S. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 2018, 20(1), 63?67; Wang, F. Langmuir 2019, 35(39), 12831–12838; Zhang, F. Langmuir 2020, 36(11), 2946–2953]. For the PC monolayer, one of the two hydrolysates, phosphocholine, desorbed from the interface into the aqueous phase, while the other one, diacylglycerol (DG), stayed well packed with high order at the interface. For the PC bilayer, phosphocholine dispersed into the aqueous phase too, similar to the monolayer case; however, DG, presumably formed clusters with the unreacted lipid substrates and desorbed from the interface. With respect to both the monolayer and bilayer cases, mechanistic schematics were presented to illustrate the different interfacial hydrolysis processes. Therefore, this model experimental study in vitro provides significant molecular-level insights and contributes necessary knowledge to reveal the lipolysis kinetics with respect to PLC and lipid membranes with monolayer and bilayer structures.