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Green and scalable fabrication of core-shell bio-based flame retardants for reducing flammability of polylactic acid
作者:Xiong ZQ, Zhang Y*, Du XY, Song PA*, Fang ZP
关键字:Polylactic acid, Biobased flame retardant, Core-shell structure, Self-assembly
论文来源:期刊
具体来源:ACS Sustain. Chem. Eng., 2019.5, 7(9): 8954-8963
发表时间:2019年

The design of flame-retardant biocomposites based on biobased flame retardants (FRs) represents a promising direction for creating a sustainable world. To date, it remains a major challenge to explore a green and calable strategy for the design of highly effective, biobased FRs for bioplastics, such as polylactic acid (PLA). Herein, we have demonstrated a green, facile fabrication approach for a core-shell-structured biobased flame retardant (APP@CS@PA-Na) via layer-by-layer assembly using water as the assembly media. With electrostatic interactions, APP@CS@PA-Na was prepared by sequential assembly of ammonium polyphosphate (APP) with positively charged chitosan (CS) and then negatively charged phytic acid salt (PA-Na). The addition of APP@CS@PA-Na can enhance both the flame retardancy and the toughness of PLA. With the addition of 10 wt % APP@CS@PA-Na, the resultant PLA composite can pass an UL-94 V-0 rating and meanwhile shows an increased elongation at break by 28.4%, compared with that of neat PLA (8.1%). Through the analysis of the volatile gases and the residues, the flame retardant mechanism of APP@CS@PA-Na in PLA plays the key role in the condensed-phase. This work will broaden the practical application field of PLA, such as in electric and electronic and fibers fields.