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Application of waste silicon rubber composite treated by N2 plasma in the flame retardant polypropylene
作者:Zhang Y, He SL, Wu JN, Ma JJ, Shao SD, He LJ, Li XN, Fang ZP*, Cao HW, Xi ZC
关键字:silicon rubber, plasma,flame retardant,polypropylene
论文来源:期刊
具体来源:J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 2019.12, 136: 48187
发表时间:2019年

The waste silicon rubber composite insulator (WSiRC) was applied along with ammonium polyphosphate (APP) and pentaerythritol (PER) to improve the flame retardancy of polypropylene (PP) in this study. Considering the compatibility among PP, WSiRC, and flame-retardant additives, WSiRC was treated by acid and N2 plasma to obtain the plasma-treated WSiRC (PLSiR), which decreases the amount of the inorganic additive and grafts amino groups onto the surface of the silicon rubber. The infrared spectrocopy (IR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA) confirm that NH2 groups have been grafted onto the surface of PLSiR. The TGA data also show that PLSiR had the char improving ability and promote the crosslink of APP, which results in its promotion for the flame retartancy of PP proved by the data of limiting oxygen index (LOI), UL94 rating and cone tests. It is also showed that PLSiR is superior than the WSiRC treated only by acid (ASiR) due to the differences in the structure and polarity. Moreover, the improvement of PLSiR on the flame retardancy of PP is dependent on its amounts. It is indicated that the 1 wt % loading of PLSiR in PP with APP and PER has the highest LOI value of 30.9 and reached UL94 rating V-0. The peak heat release rate (pHRR) and total heat release (THR) values are also decreased by 68.7 and 15%, respectively. SEM and Raman results show the condensed mechanism is ascribed to the PP/APP-PER/PLSiR system because the quality of char affect the flame retardancy of PP.